Where are your kidneys located in the human body

Most of the time, AKI happens in people who are already very sick and in the hospital. However, it can happen as a result of an injury, infection or even some medicines.

Kidney Pain Causes, Treatment, Symptoms, Pain Relief & Remedies

Learn more about the symptoms, causes and treatment of AKI. Kidney infections are usually caused by bacteria that spread to your kidneys from another part of your urinary tract. Common symptoms of kidney infections include fever, vomiting or pain in your back, sides or groin. Treating kidney infections right away can help prevent permanent kidney damage. Learn more about the symptoms, causes and treatment of kidney infections. Pain in your back or sides, however, does not necessarily mean there is something wrong with your kidneys. Learn more about the causes and symptoms of kidney pain.

Hepatitis C hep C is a viral disease that affects the liver.


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The liver is an organ in the human body that converts everything you eat or drink into nutrients and gets rid of toxins. There is a connection between hepatitis C and kidney disease. Hep C can cause kidney disease, and sometimes kidney patients can get hep C from hemodialysis, a treatment for kidney failure, if a medical facility does not carefully follow guidelines for infection control.

Learn why every kidney patient should be tested for hepatitis C. In many respects the human excretory, or urinary, system resembles those of other mammalian species, but it has its own unique structural and functional characteristics. The terms excretory and urinary emphasize the elimination function of the system.

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The kidneys, however, both secrete and actively retain within the body certain substances that are as critical to survival as those that are eliminated. The system contains two kidneys, which control the electrolyte composition of the blood and eliminate dissolved waste products and excess amounts of other substances from the blood; the latter substances are excreted in the urine, which passes from the kidneys to the bladder by way of two thin muscular tubes called the ureters.

The bladder is a sac that holds the urine until it is eliminated through the urethra. The kidneys are bean-shaped, reddish brown paired organs, concave on one long side and convex on the opposite. They are normally located high in the abdominal cavity and against its back wall, lying on either side of the vertebral column between the levels of the 12th thoracic and third lumbar vertebrae, and outside the peritoneum, the membrane that lines the abdomen. The long axes of the kidneys are aligned with that of the body, but the upper end of each kidney pole is tilted slightly inward toward the backbone vertebral column.

Nephrons are numerous 20, in a mouse. In humans the kidneys are about 10 centimetres long and are located beneath the diaphragm and behind the peritoneum.

Each kidney contains 1,,—1,, nephrons that filter the entire five-quart water content of the blood every 45 minutes—an equivalent of quarts a day. Damaged kidneys secrete an enzyme called renin that stimulates constriction of the blood vessels. When the damage has been caused initially by high blood pressure , the increase in pressure from the constricted vessels causes more kidney damage.

Where are the Kidneys and Liver Located?

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